Born 1946 in The Hague. Dutch nationality. Grammar school in The Hague and study at the University of Leiden (1965-1971). MA in General Linguistics, German Language and Analytical
Philosophy, PhD in Applied Linguistics.
Assistant professor at the German Department of the University of Leiden (1971-1977). From 1977 to 2007 Head of the Language Department
of the National Institute for Educational Assessment (Cito), covering foreign languages and mother tongue education in secondary education. Then Head of the Department of Senior Secondary Education, covering foreign languages, mother tongue education, humanities,
mathematics, natural science and economics. Participation in a number of international projects aiming at educational coordination within the European Union. Finally account and product manager in the institute’s new field of higher vocational education.